Nocturne for Violin & Orchestra Reduction (Piano)
Score and Solo Part
Composers: Claude Debussy, Robert Orledge
Arranger: Robert Orledge
The Belgian violinist Eugène Ysae (1858-1931), with his impressive blend of virtuosity and poetry, was a great admirer of the young Debussy's music who led the Paris première of his only string quartet in December 1893. In September 1892, Debussy was planning an American tour with the financial support of Prince André Poniatowski that was to include his nearly completed three Scènes au crépuscule, inspired by the Symbolist poetry of his friend Henri de Régnier. He made extensive revisions to them in 1893, even if all that seems to have survived is a series of sketches in Bibliothèque Nationale de France, MS 20632(2), most of which appear to be for violin and orchestra in E or B major. Another related, and more virtuosic, theme emerged in a Parisian sale in June 2006, which opens the main part of the present Nocturne (after a slow introduction).
We also learn from Ernest Chausson in April 1893 that Debussy was composing a work for Ysae's first American tour in 1894-95, whichat one stage was described as a concerto. Then, as Debussy was putting the finishing touches to L'Après-midi d'un faune in 1894, he told Ysae he was now working on three Nocturnes for solo violin and orchestra which are destined for you, and which undoubtedly derived from his earlier Twilight scenes. The first was to be for strings only; the second for three flutes, four horns, three trumpets and two harps; the third combines all these instruments. He also informed Ysae, perhaps with Whistler's Nocturnes in mind, that they were to be like a study in grey in painting. Debussy only abandoned this project in November 1896 after Ysae told him he would not be able to première the Nocturnes in Brussels for financial reasons.
My completion comes closest to the third Nocturne Debussy planned and to being a rondo with related episodes. The dynamic idea that emerged in 2006, which was scored by Debussy, leads naturally into the twilighttheme in B major beginning on solo cello and double basses, with the high, haunting three-note idea first heard at the outset floating above on solo violin, exactly as Debussy conceived it. All five of Debussy's themes are harmonized and they vary in length between three and thirteen bars: none of them relate to the orchestral Nocturnes of 1897-99. -Robert Orledge